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Poisoning puts business whith russia under a cloud

The Guardian

November 29, 2006

The poisoning in London of a former KGB officer, Alexander Litvinenko, will damage investor confidence in Russia, the primary trade association representing those doing business between Britain and Russia warned yesterday.

The warning comes at a time of unprecedented interest in Russian companies raising money on the London Stock Exchange, and coincides with increased criticism by Moscow of Shell and other western firms operating in Russia.

"While there is no proof as to who is responsible, this horrible incident will add fuel to the negative views expressed in the western media about the rule of law in Russia and the activities of the Russian state," said Godfrey Cromwell, executive director of the Russo-British Chamber of Commerce, which celebrates its 90th anniversary this year .

"Such things matter a great deal to investors looking at Russia and, whoever was the perpetrator, this type of publicity will deter some investors," he added.

Businessmen active in the west such as Russian emigre, Alex Konanykhin, agree. "Foreign investors now read reports about Russia being an authoritarian country where political opposition has been stifled and where the legal system is controlled by the government and used for taking over lucrative companies," said Mr Konanykhin who is a former friend of the now-jailed Mikhail Khodorkovsky, founder of Russian oil company Yukos.

Despite the bad publicity, Mr Konanyhkin does not think it will change the ways of the Kremlin.

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) this week criticised the Russian government for its expansion into key economic sectors in a report on the economy. It also pointed to concerns about Gazprom the state-run energy company, and its "seemingly insatiable appetite for asset acquisition."

But Artyom Konchin, equity analyst with Aton Capital in Moscow, is confident that western investors will not be chased away by the latest high-profile problems. "I have not seen any [negative] echoes yet and I do not expect the sentiment of investors to change much. People are very pragmatic when it comes to money," he argues.

"After all, 90% of those who invested in [the recent flotation of] Rosneft were those who invested in Yukos [the company alleged to have had its assets stolen by Rosneft]," he adds.

A huge swath of Russian companies - many coming from the sector such as Rosneft - have had full shares or depository receipts listed on the London Stock Exchange.

The electricity generator, OGK-5, is one of the latest businesses to successfully raise money despite unease about the way western groups such as Shell and BP are being treated in Russia.

Shell has been under attack over alleged environmental damage on its Sakhalin-2 gas project amid attempts by Russian state-owned Gazprom, to muscle into the scheme.

Many Russian commentators put the two events together and Mr Konchin says there is no doubt that the Kremlin would like more control over a sector where the value has rocketed on the back of rising energy prices.

Mr Konanykhin believes the Kremlin is more concerned about asserting its own political power than worrying about what foreign politicians or investors think.

On the road from Moscow

Alex Konanykhin the former banker, says he has been hunted relentlessly from one continent to another for over a decade by forces acting for the Kremlin.

A beneficiary of the early 1990s move from a managed to a free enterprise economy, Mr Konanykhin once ran a $300m finance house in Moscow - the Russian Exchange Bank.

But in 1992 he discovered that two former KGB men had approached individual shareholders about winning their stakes in an attempt to launch a takeover. Within days Mr Konanykhin found himself being kidnapped by associates of the two men while on a business trip to Budapest with his wife.

"You will sign your companies and bank accounts over to us," the men demanded. When he asked what would happen if he did not, they replied: "Then you might accidentally drown in your apartment's bath."

Mr Konanykhin and his wife Elena managed to flee, first to Slovakia and then to America but soon found many of their assets in Russia frozen and their reputations shredded by the KGB.

By 1994, one of the banker's former kidnappers was boasting in a Russian business newspaper that he wouldn't bet a dollar on Mr Konanykhin's life.

The Russian businessman, who was granted political asylum in the US and now runs an internet business there, says his attempts to win justice in his home country and question the ethics of the state that allowed this to happen just got him deeper into conflict. The FBI warned him in 1995 to take care as they had information that the KGB had hired US mafia men to get rid of him.

The Russian government tried three times to get him extradited with the help of US officials but he managed to fight them off with court judgments that deemed the attempts unlawful.

Mr Konanykhin, who has taken up martial arts with a vengeance, says he keeps fear at bay with "mental training". And while he no longer expects to meet a violent death, he says he will not be having children with the wife he loves.

"Children represent a perfect pressure point. A man might stop caring about himself but will have difficulty in stopping caring about people he loves."

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Media About Alex

Washington Post:
Konanykhin, one of the first Russian millionaires after the fall of the commies, left in 1992 and was granted asylum here in 1999. He's built a very successful Web advertising business in New York City. He had been chosen "New York Businessman of the Year." "As such, you will be honored and presented with your award," NRCC chairman Thomas M. Reynolds (R-N.Y.) said, at a "special ceremony" April 1. " President Bush and Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger are our special invited guests.
CNN:
Alex Konanykhin controlled Russia's largest commercial bank in the 1990s
Wall Street Journal:
Mr. Konanykhin was a whiz-kid physics student who became a pioneering Russian capitalist in early 1990s, building a banking and investment empire valued at an estimated $300 million all by his mid-20s. He was a member of President Boris Yeltsin's inner circle.
The Baltimore Sun:
Business whiz kid.
WJLA TV / ABC:
Russian Bill Gates.
The Times:
By the time he was 25 he was one of the most important figures in post-Communist Russia. But in 1992, while on a business trip to Hungary, Alex Konanykhine was kidnapped.
The New York Times:
The Federal Bureau of Investigation notified Konanykhin that Russian organized crime figures had paid to have him killed.
CBS "60 Minutes":
Alex Konanykhin didn't only have KGB after him… He had the FBI, the Justice Department, even the CIA all on his case, as a favor to the Russians, part of a deal to allow the FBI to keep a bureau in Moscow.
Los Angeles Daily Journal:
Representing himself through much of the process, Konanykhin managed to convince an immigration judge of an alleged INS and KGB conspiracy and cover-up. Following the court's admonishment, the INS agreed to drop all charges and also pay $100,000..The judge also ordered an investigation of the Justice Department. In separate actions, Konanykhine subsequently won multimillion dollar libel judgments against two Russian newspapers. A $100 million lawsuit against the Justice Department is pending, alleging perjury, fraud, torture and witness tampering by U.S government officers on behalf of the Russian Mafia.
Profit Magazine:
Imagine you are a teenage physics genius who quickly amasses a $300 million empire of real estate and banking ventures, has dozens of cars, six hundred employees, several mansions and two hundred bodyguards—but you are nonetheless kidnapped by those you trusted, threatened with torture and death, and have your entire empire stolen from you one dark night in Budapest. You escape with your life by racing through Eastern-block countries and flying to New York on stashed-away passports—only to have the KGB and Russian Mafia hell-bent on your hide and the U.S. government jailing you and conspiring to serve you up into their clutches. All this before your 29th birthday. Sound like a Tom Clancy thriller? No. . . just a slice in the life of Alexander Konanykhine.